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GETTING TO FLORES
The best way to get to Flores is by plane. Sata Air Açores flies daily to this island. A ferry also links the islands between June and September.

LOCALISATION
Flores and Corvo Islands constitute the western group of the Azorean Archipelago, being Flores the most extreme western point of Europe, located 30º 54’ W and 39º 25’ N. Its surface has 143 sq km (55 sq miles), 17 km (16, 7 miles) length and 12, 5 km (7, 7 miles) width.

DISCOVERY AND SETTLEMENT
Supposedly Flores was discovered and settled between the years of 1450 and 1452 by the navigator Diogo de Teive. However and due to its isolation, the settlement stopped and only restarted in 1504 with settlers coming from Terceira and Madeira Islands. Initially, it was called Ilha de S. Tomás, but later in 1475, and due to the abundance of flowers (flores), its name was changed to Flores.

TRANSPORTS
In Flores Island there are several car rentals, and taxis are at disposal.

PLACES TO VISIT
Due to its dimension, it is easy to visit the whole island. However, there are some outstanding places Rocha dos Bordões is a lava formation that gained vertical grooves, forming a cliff of significant high. It is a magnificent geological monument.

Morro Alto is the highest point of the island with 914 metres. It offers a panoramic view over lagoons and greenish valleys where small streams run, and over the village-places of Ponta Delgada, Fajã Grande and Fajãzinha.

In the central part of the island, Sete Lagoas, Lagoa Funda, Branca, Seca, Rasa, Comprida, Lomba and Funda das Lajes are lagoons of rare beauty.

Cascatas - Between Fajãzinha and Ponta da Fajã there are about twenty waterfalls, being the tallest one Ribeira Grande. It is a wondrously interesting zone.

Pedras do Frade e da Freira are rocks that due to erosion gained the shape of a monk (frade) and a nun (freira). Nearby, one can find Gruta do Galo (cock’s cave), a rocky formation with a shape resembling a cock. This cave presents interesting geological formations, namely the entrance that looks like a cathedral.

Ilhéu de Monchique - this islet is the most western point of Europe.

Gruta dos Enxaréus is a cave located on the seashore, between Santa Cruz and Caveira. It has 50 metres length and 25 metres width.

Falésia da Rocha Alta is cliff that offers a view over many small islets.

Baia da Alagoa is a bay dotted with islets and sandbanks.

GETTING TO KNOW THE ISLAND

Itinerary 1
Leave Santa Cruz, and pass through Caveira, Lomba, Fazenda, to Lajes das Flores. In this village place, go down to the fishing port, stop at the lighthouse and visit Nossa Senhora do Rosário Church, a monument built in the XVIII century. Continue to Lajedo, and to the belvedere of Alto do Mosteiro after visiting the Rocha dos Bordões and Rasa and Funda craters. Go down to Fajã Grande passing through Fajãzinha; return by the same road and after visiting the Monte das Cruzes belvedere, follow to Santa Cruz by the road that crosses the island enjoying the view.

Itinerary 2
Leave Santa Cruz toward Ponta Delgada. Stop at the Forest Park of Fazenda, at the belvedere of Rocha dos Caimbros and admire the Alagoa Bay. Continue through Cedros till Ponta Delgada admiring the beautiful scenery. Return to Santa Cruz by the same way.

FESTIVITIES AND ETHNOGRAPHY
The festivities in honour of Santo Espírito take place after the Pentecost and have a strong religious meaning to the island inhabitants. The festivities of Santa Cruz take place in the first Sunday of August. In Lajes the Emigrant Festival is celebrated in the third weekend of July.
The lace work and embroidery, blankets weaved in ancient looms and the hydrangea pith flowers are unique pieces of art, representative of the local handicraft.
In what concerns to folklore, Chamarrita Encaracolada, Sapateia, Pezinho de Baixo, Rema and Manjericão are the most popular songs.
The ethnographic museum, located in Santa Cruz, presents an important collection of objects that represent the way local ancestors lived, mainly fishing and land working instruments.

SEASIDE RESORTS
There are good natural pools in Santa Cruz. Tepid temperatures and crystal waters invite for a good sea bath in Fajã Grande, Lajes and Ponta Delgada.

MONUMENTS
The churches of Nossa Senhora do Rosário, Nossa Senhora das Angústias, and Nossa Senhora dos Remédios, all dating from the XVIII century and located in Lajes municipality, as well as the churches of Nossa Senhora da Conceição ( XIX century) and São Boaventura (XVIII century) in Santa Cruz are outstanding.

GASTRONOMY
Sausage with yam, water-cress soup, beans with pig’s head, conger chowder, roasted bonito, and “bolo de tijolo” are local specialties. The local gastronomy also reflects the abundance of the sea food.
The home made island cheese has a tasty unique flavour.

HUNTING
Abundance of rabbits, chickens and ducks make possible the practise of this activity. Dial 292592354, the Forestry Service, to get all the necessary information about licenses and the hunting season.

HIKING
Green valleys, abundance of flowers, birds, and water courses offer moments that you should record with your camera. Specialised booklets will help you choose the best paths; ask for them at your lodging or at the Town Halls.
There are no dangerous species ou snakes in the island.

SEA TOURS
There are several companies in the island that provide sea tours around the island or to Corvo Island, as well as sea animals watching.

SPORT FISHING
From the rocks, using his best technique (bottom or trolling), a fisherman can capture good specimens of sargus, sea bream, grouper, or mackerel. On boat the range of possibilities is enlarged with turbot, rock fish, tuna and swordfish. Trout fishing is allowed in streams and at Lomba Lagoon but only with artificial bait and with a maximum of 15 captures for each fisherman.

DIVING
The exuberant underwater life in this coast is an invitation for the lovers of this sport.

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